Bone that has been attacked by gum disease, or atrophied from tooth loss, can be bulked up through a simple bone graft. This procedure is often done in preparation for restoration. By applying bone fragments to your damaged bone, you can grow new and healthy bone material. Our staff at College Hill Dental can work with you to evaluate, diagnose, discuss, and create a treatment plan to restore your oral health through the restoration of bone health.
Your jawbone is subject to damage whether from infection, atrophy or trauma. It can lose mass, changing the look of your facial shape, unable to support teeth properly, or cause jaw problems known as TMJ dysfunction which prevents the jaw joint from opening or closing properly.
||Chronic Periodontal Disease: When a patient suffers from chronic periodontal disease, or gum disease, the damage affects both soft and hard tissue. The infection can eat away at the bone, causing large areas of the bone to be pitted or unsupportive of your teeth.
||Atrophy: The loss of a tooth is more than simply a missing tooth, your bone health relies on the movement of teeth to keep it healthy. When a patient loses the tooth root and tooth, the bone responds with immediate atrophy.
||Trauma: Bone loss can occur from trauma, from breaks, fractures and more. Patients who have taken an impact to their jaw should have x-rays done to determine the level of trauma, some injuries can be less obvious.
Bone Graft Surgical Process
The surgical process for a bone graft procedure is done in our office, quickly and easily. We first ensure the patient’s comfort with an anesthetic, a local anesthetic is often all that is necessary. We open the tissue to reveal the bone that needs to be bulked up. We apply a bone material; there are options for bone material that we use. The most commonly used bone fragments include some of the patient’s bone that is harvested from another area. We also can use synthetic bone and donated bone.
We place the bone fragment and then suture the area closed with stitches. The soft gum tissue should heal within a few days, but the bone will require a few months to grow.
Once we have determined that sufficient bone has grown, we can then proceed with the restoration.
One of the most common restorations performed following a bone graft is the restoration of a tooth with the insertion of a dental implant. Dental Implants are a metal or acrylic device that we sink into the bone to replace the root of a missing tooth. The bone will heal around the implant bonding the two together, creating a firm anchor for a dental crown or other prosthetic to then be attached to. The dental implant can also serve as an anchor for other prosthetics including a dental bridge, partial denture or full denture. Bone health is important to the success of the implant, and a bone graft allows the patient to have a healthy bone.